Lata Mangeshkar Biography
- Born – September 28, 1929 (age 83) Indore, India
- Real Name – Hema
- Genres – Classical
- Occupations – Playback singer, songwriter
- Instruments – Vocals
- Years Active – 1942 -present
- Parents – Dinanath and Shevanti Mangeshkar
- Nickname – The Nightingale of Bollywood
- Awards Won –
Filmfare Awards (1958, 1962, 1965, 1969, 1993 and 1994)
National Awards (1972, 1975 and 1990)
Maharashtra State Award (1966 and 1967)
The ever charming voiced Lata Mangeshkar held the movie audience spell bound when the heroines of all ages sang solos or duets through her voice, and no wonder she found her name appearing in the Guinness book of world records, as on who had sung varieties of songs, including ghazals, pop music or traditional Hindustani music, starting her film career as early as 1942, having given 50000 and odd songs to the Universal music lovers, rendered in 20 different languages.
Born in 1929 to Dinanath Mangeshkar, who was himself a reputed singer of classical numbers, owning a film theatre at Indore, who groomed Lata right from the age of five, giving her the opportunity to learn music under renowned singers of those days such as Aman Ali Khan Sahib and Amanat Khan, her talents in Music fortified, making her the queen of music in film industry for over 60 years.
Quite ironically, she was first rejected by the film makers who were used to nasal voices of those days held by Noor Jehan and Shamshad Begum, not realizing the scintillating tone she was going to mesmerize the listeners in later times, added to which incident she lost her father, making her the breadwinner of the family, she took to acting career in 1942 to appear in eight or so pictures in Hindi and Marathi, when again she got an opportunity to sing in a Marathi film Kiti Hasaal,(1942) pitiably in that episode also she met with bad luck as the producers removed her song from the picture.
Film world luckily found her in Majboor (1948) when Gulam Haider got her a break, and in 1949 she gave songs for four pictures Mahal, Dulari, Barsaat and Andaz, all became great hits, gaining never-seen-before popularity making everyone walking in the street humming her tunes with lot of joy. Her high pitch voice and melodious songs drove away the nasal tones of filmdom those days and she started leading the show since then until now; but for her age she might even continue to rule the show.
People say that her initial days of singing was an imitation of Noor Jehan, but it must be for a short period, because Lata’s style was prominent in the field all along , her sister Asha Bhosle joining her during late 1950s, both the sisters started playing a bigger role in Hindi film world’s playback voices.
Her songs were melodious under any one’s composition and direction, but music directors C Ramachandra and Madan Mohan had a special place in composing her songs, both of them said to be responsible for her sweetest and charming rendition, while she has worked under almost all the music directors of Hindi film field.
There were criticisms over here monopolizing the films in 1960s and 1970s, although every producer went after her for giving recording appointments in queue, however in later years, she reduced her singing in films, giving scope to other young artists, although even today some of the film houses take pride in having her play in one or two their movies.
Lata is a legend among movie play back singers and it would be hard to any singer to overtake her singing record in films, with her original name Hema given at the time of her birth, later changed to Lata to be known after Latika, a female character in one of her father’s theatre plays BhaawBandan, likewise, Mangeshkar was not their family’s original name, which was Hardikar later changed to Mangeshkar by her father to have an identification with his original native town Mangeshi of Goa.